Archive for the ‘Personality Types’ Category

The Big Picture and your personal challenge

This post is going to be quite different from my previous posts in that there will be a large amount of content contained in an executable, “interactive PDF file”. This is an experiment in giving the reader a large amount of information in a “visually interesting format” presented in organized, bite-sized, chunks. Don’t get me wrong, there are still lots of words, but I felt that it was important to present the material in a more holistic way than I could do with the words in “blog format” alone. I’ve also included a more “formal” 37 page PDF file of the same material as an option to those readers who prefer a more traditional style of documentation.

As an aside, the interactive document was created using Mindjet MindManager 8 SW. Frankly, I’ve been using the concept of mindmapping as a brainstorming, planning, and outlining tool for years and Mindjet’s SW in particular, since their first release. If you’re unfamiliar with the technique or their SW, I suggest that you take a look at their website by clicking here. This is an unsolicited and unpaid plug for something that I believe will serve you well as you continue to exercise and grow your “wolfie” abilities. Also, let me know if you’re interested in learning more about using mindmapping techniques to help you get through some of your complicated planning, brainstorming, and communications tasks….I’m always interested in teaching and assisting people in using these techniques to help solve tough problems that require creative ways to “peel back the layers of the onion”.

OK, now on to the subject matter…

I’m going to break up the cadence a bit by only briefly touching on the next two core words in the series, (traits and skills) and instead, concentrate on core word number six (behavior).

There really isn’t too much more that I want to elaborate about the nature of traits other than they’re deeply associated with our type, temperament, and the values we choose to live by. Within the PDF files, I’ve outlined some traits that are generally associated with each of the sixteen Personality Types and Temperaments, as well as the Values that I believe are important. I personally believe that we can all consciously employ our non-default traits, but this requires a deep understanding of who we are and what the situation that we’re facing, calls for…but hey, I’m getting ahead of myself…more about that later in this post.

Skills on the other hand, and soft skills in specific, really need to be elaborated upon, and are extremely important to discuss. However, I won’t attempt to lump such important topics into a single, general discussion, but rather over the life of this blog I will work through examples and tips pertaining to all of the soft skills that I’ve identified in the PDF files (and more that I haven’t touched upon). For now however, I hope that the included list will stimulate you enough to evaluate your own degree of proficiency in each, and add a few more that I’ve overlooked. The better we are at mastering these vital skills, the more significant our contributions become and the more influence we have over our own destiny and the destiny of the pack.

I also won’t be wasting your time by defining and dissecting all of the possible hard skills an individual might need to perform a given function. That would truly be a waste of words and bandwidth. I will in some future posts call out a couple of specific hard skills to take a deeper look at, but for now, suffice it to say, an individual needs some level of proficiency in the hard skills that are required to perform certain functions, and these hard skills are highly individualized to your specific situation. The more proficient you are at these, the more creative and productive you become…it’s as simple as that.

Now to get to the meat (or veggies for those of you who lean that way) of this post, which is Behavior. Behavior is the culmination of all the elements I’ve been discussing so far in this series, plus two more; Needs, and Experience. To me, the concept of behavior is best represented visually rather than with just a wordy description. By looking at it holistically, the individual components seem easier to understand, and hopefully you will be able to “connect the dots” and see what’s driving some of your own behaviors. My goal here was not to write some all-inclusive thesis on the subject, but rather to highlight the key elements necessary for individuals to consciously take charge of their behaviors and channel their energies toward becoming the wolf they want to be.

You may recall (if you’ve read the page on this blog titled So why wolves?), I highlighted three key elements (or overall behaviors if you will) to being a wolf, which are:

  • Situational Awareness
  • Situational Adaptability
  • Social Intelligence

In order to become proficiency in these, we need a fourth element, which is Self-awareness. We need to truly understand our own strengths and weaknesses in order to optimize our ability to perform well in ALL situations. This self-awareness doesn’t happen by accident, but rather by design. It begins, as I’ve stated before, by recognizing how we will likely react to both people and problems by DEFAULT. These reactions stem from our experiences, skills, values and of course, our personality type, but it doesn’t have to end there. Frankly, I believe that this is where it BEGINS.

We always have a choice as to how we react in any given situation. If we don’t take the time to think about what to do, we will ALWAYS jump straight to our default behaviors. Often, this is not a bad thing, but if you practice asking yourself if it’s “the right thing to do” FIRST, the outcome will likely be better.

We need to make a conscious choice each and every time we’re faced with a new challenge. We need to quickly (often, instantaneously) assess the situation and determine the best course of action. This process ALWAYS starts with asking the right questions (of ourselves and/or others) which is probably THE most important soft skill that needs to mastered.

This “pregnant pause” before jumping into action doesn’t have to be a slow and plodding process. It can be a mere split second of assessment of the alternatives, and frankly, the more you practice this ability to “think and ask before leaping”, the easier it gets. Obviously, life threatening situations are different from product development situations and fielding tough questions at your next Board Meeting. Each situation has its own time-line of urgency, necessary levels of accuracy and precision, and of course, its own set of consequences if you screw it up.

I suggest that the next time you’re facing a difficult situation, that instead of just “looking before you leap”, you “think before you leap” and ask yourself WHY you think what you’re doing (or about to do) is the right choice. Look at the situation from more than one perspective. Ask yourself what someone else who doesn’t know what you know, would do, or ask a trusted colleague what they would do in this situation. Of course, don’t get stuck in “analysis paralysis”, but start to try to think differently, and see if you have an epiphany. You may still come up with the same reaction (or answer), but at least you’ve given yourself an opportunity to look at other possibilities. Oh, by the way…if you’re standing on the railroad tracks and you see a train coming and you decide to take a “pregnant pause” to contemplate your options…don’t take too long, and by all means, “jump AWAY from the tracks!”….I can’t afford the bad press about how I suggested that “you think about it before you act”. 😉

OK, so to summarize this series in a nut shell… “To GROW your inner wolf, you must KNOW your inner wolf”. You need to understand what makes you, YOU. You need to determine whether your current values, traits, and skills are “good enough” or require “realignment”. You need to evaluate your experience and actively decide whether your needs are being met to your satisfaction. You also need to think about “what’s coming next, or better yet, actively decide “where you want to go”. You need to do all the hard work necessary to enhance the things you like, and change the things that are holding you back.

I hope that this series has inspired you to take a long hard look at yourself, and while I haven’t really provided any solid answers for you at this point, I hope I’ve posed enough of the right questions to get you thinking about who you are, and what you want to do to become the wolf you want to be.

The interactive PDF file can be accessed by clicking the image directly below

For those of you who are more conservative, and would prefer to access a more “classic” PDF document, click the Thumbnail directly below for the “boring version” 😉

Better yet, check out both versions and let me know which one gives you the best “feel” for the material, and while you’re at it, let me know what you think about the subject matter…I’m really interested in knowing whether this series has stimulated anyone’s brain cells other than mine!

© 2010 John C. Rea and nothingbutwolves.wordpress.com

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Get a cup of coffee, or your caffeinated drink of choice (no alcohol yet please, this will be hard enough to get through sober!). Put the kids to bed; close the door to your office; turn off the TV; or whatever else you need to do to get 20 minutes of uninterrupted “quiet time”, because this is a very long and relatively important post, and I’d like to make sure that you’ve got the time to read it in peace.

To begin the process of teasing apart the things that make us who we are, I’m going to start off with some simple definitions of some very simple words that have very complex implications when they’re applied to people.

The first six core words:

  • Type: The psychological classification of qualitative differences between individuals
  • Temperament: An individual’s consistent and relatively stable pattern of reactions to situations that persists across time and activity
  • Values: A set of principles, standards, or qualities considered worthwhile or desirable
  • Traits: A relatively stable quantitative set of predispositions to act in a certain way
  • Skills: A set of proficiencies that have been acquired or developed through training or experience
  • Behavior: The actions or reactions of an individual in response to external or internal stimuli

Type and Temperament

For the remainder of this post, I’m going to focus on only the first two of this initial batch of core words because I believe they’re truly the most critical to understanding an individual’s “baseline” (not to mention that this is already going be a very long post!). I’m sure that not everyone shares the view that individuals can be “categorized” by a series of questions regarding their preferences. To those “Doubting Thomases” amongst you, all I can say is that the years of research behind the theories combined with my own personal experiences over the last 30+ years in leadership positions has convinced me that there is a huge amount of merit in this body of knowledge.


In the 1920’s, Swiss psychoanalyst Carl Jung’s asserted that individuals could be “typed” by their particular preferences and that we all have basic characteristics that are a fundamental part of who we are.

Since then, two major systems have emerged to “type” individuals. The more popular of the two is the MBTI (Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator) which expands upon Jung’s research. Katherine Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Myers, developed a questionnaire about preferences, which was designed to help people determine their personality types. It groups individuals into sixteen types based on their responses to a very specific set of questions. Today, the MBTI is the most widely used psychological instrument in the world, and frankly, many of you may have already been exposed to the “official questionnaire” or a reasonable facsimile of it during your working lives.

The second major system is called The Enneagram whose roots go back many centuries before Jung put his theories together. A Russian mystic and spiritual teacher named Gurdjieff introduced the system in Europe in the 1920’s and it was popularized in the US by Oscar Ichazo in the late 1960’s. This system is represented by a circle containing a nine-pointed “star” with each point identifying a significant personality type.

For my purposes, I’m going to focus only on the MBTI for a couple of reasons. Firstly, it’s a more established and recognized methodology than The Enneagram, and appears to me (IMHO) to be “more accurate” (assuming anything related to predicting human behavior is accurate). Secondly, the MBTI is often used in conjunction with The Enneagram to help with it’s accuracy, so you might as well understand the MBTI first. If you’re curious and want to explore more about The Enneagram, I suggest that you CLICK HERE.


The MBTI system identifies four basic dimensions of human personality, each of which deals with an important aspect of life. I won’t be going into the level of detail necessary for you to get the full picture, but I do want you to be aware of the concept at a high-level at this point, and I will suggest some next steps for you at the end of this post.

The preferences are listed in four pairs of opposites:

    • Individuals who prefer Extraverting get their energy from the outer world of people, activities, and things.
    • Individuals who prefer Introverting get their energy from their inner world of ideas, impressions, and thoughts.
    • Individuals who prefer Sensing pay attention to information taken in directly through their five senses and focus on what is or what was.
    • Individuals who prefer iNtuiting pay attention to their sixth sense, to hunches and insights, and they focus on what might be.
  • DECIDING preferences: THINKING (T) and FEELING (F)
    • Individuals who prefer Thinking make decisions in a logical and objective way
    • Individuals who prefer Feeling make decisions in a personal, values-oriented way.
    • Individuals who prefer Judging tend to live in an organized, planned way.
    • Individuals who prefer Perceiving tend to live in a spontaneous, flexible way.

A preference is an inborn tendency to be, think, or act in a certain way. Over the years, we change and grow, and often appear “different” at various points in our lives, but according to the experts, our basic personality type remains the same.

We will often identify with both preferences in a pair (at least to some degree), but there’s always one that we rely on more often and naturally gravitate toward. Our strongest preference is the one that comes most easily and automatically; its opposite is the one that we struggle with more. No preference is better or worse than it’s opposite. They’re simply different. Each has natural strengths and each has potential weaknesses.

Day-in, day-out, we utilize both our default preferences as well as those less comfortable ones. We don’t however, use them with equal frequency, ease, or success. Although we can use either, we can’t use both at once. When one preference comes into the foreground, the other one falls behind. We can, however, exercise either, IF WE ACTIVELY THINK ABOUT IT, so knowing where we start is important so we can  learn to “exercise our free will” to adapt to situations that are best suited for a “personality type” other than our “default type”

I won’t go into any intimate details about the sixteen different personality types in this post, rather, I’m going to leave that task up to the reader. Instead, I’m going to jump right into a discussion on Temperament (before you start to snore).


Temperament can be described as a pattern of characteristic behaviors that reflect an individual’s natural disposition. People of the same temperament have similar core values, and they have many characteristics in common. Since temperament is inborn, and not acquired, a consistency of actions and behaviors can be observed from a very early age, even before the events of life imprint themselves upon an individual.

Temperament defines what we need and value and what we truly hunger for. These needs, values, and desires determine our actions and behaviors. Understanding your temperament can give you a pretty good idea what you or someone you know will do by default, in most situations (most of the time).

The idea that people fall into four basic categories of temperament is not a new concept. Four basic temperaments have been observed over many centuries by people from diverse cultures, and have been given many different names over the years. While Myers and Briggs did not set out to describe temperaments, their description of the sixteen personality types was found to fit neatly into the four historical temperaments which David Keirsey was studying in the late 1970’s.

Understanding the four temperaments as described by Keirsey makes it easier for individuals to comprehend the sixteen personality types as described by the MBTI. The temperament themes provide cluster patterns within the personality types.

Using Myers-Briggs terminology, the four temperament themes are:

  • SJ – Sensing Judging: Duty Seekers – motivated to be responsible in whatever social group they’re in; they value “tradition”
  • SP – Sensing Perceiving: Action Seekers – motivated by a need for freedom and a need to act; they value “living in the moment”
  • NT – iNtuiting Thinking: Knowledge Seekers – motivated by the need for knowledge and competency; they value the “powers of the mind”
  • NF – iNtuiting Feeling: Ideal Seekers – motivated by the need to understand themselves and others; they value “authenticity and integrity”

OK, so now what?

My primary goal of this post was to whet your appetite about wanting to understand your Type and Temperament. Now it’s up to you to roll up your sleeves and “do some homework”. There are plenty of websites that will give you more details on all sixteen Myers-Briggs Personality Types and the Keirsey temperaments associated with them. Do a search and dig out as much additional information as you desire on the whole MBTI process (come on now, no grumbling, you’re a fully empowered wolf, right?…so don’t get lazy on me!). I also strongly encourage you to take one of the many on-line tests available on the web to determine which one of the sixteen personality types most fits you. Some of these on-line tests are “free” and others will require some form of payment (nothing is ever truly free on a free web site, so I’m sure that there will be an ounce or two of flesh that you’ll have to provide to the owner of any of the “free” on-line testing services). If you uncover especially good sites with valuable info or that have “good, free, on-line tests”, or both, put the links into a comment to this post and share them, so that the rest of the readers can be lazier than you are!

I’ll continue to go into more detail on the remaining four initial core words in my next post (still plenty more words and concepts to work through after the initial six as well, so stay tuned!). But in the meantime, remember that establishing your baseline is the cornerstone to allowing you to reach beyond your default preferences. Once you know where you are, it’s easier to change your path toward a new set of loftier goals that can be reached. So now that the caffeine has fully kicked in…start the discovery process to uncover your inner type and temperament to find out where “HERE” is!

© 2010 John C. Rea and nothingbutwolves.wordpress.com

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